Courses and Requirements
The goal of Hamilton's Environmental Studies Program is to encourage students to explore the impact of human interaction with our environment through an interdisciplinary approach that balances broad, practical groundwork with focused, individual study.
The Concentration in Environmental Studies
The concentration in Environmental Studies encourages both interdisciplinary breadth and depth of study in a discipline. Upon declaring their ES concentration, students also declare a focus academic division in which to pursue their ES program, and work closely with faculty advisors to develop an individualized plan of study. Note that ES 150 is NOT a required course for the concentration.
To avoid redundancy, students double-majoring in Environmental Studies and another field may substitute other courses for specific ES requirements, but ONLY with the approval of their advisor and the Environmental Studies Program Director.
The concentration consists of 13 courses, grouped as follows (see below for lists of specific courses):
1) Six foundational courses distributed among the two academic divisions (these should be taken before the completion of the junior year): 1) natural sciences and 2) social sciences/humanities, including:
• one 100-level Geosciences course AND one of the following lab science courses: Biology 101, 102 or 115, Chemistry 120 or 125, or Physics 100 or 200.
• two in the social sciences/humanities, either from the following list or at the discretion of the student’s advisor:
Anthropology 272 Anthropology of Food
Archaeology 218 Landscapes: People, Place, and the Past
ES 212 Global Warming
ES 220 Forever Wild: The Cultural and Natural Histories of the Adirondack Park
ES 236 Thought for Food: The Culture and Politics of Food
ES 250 Interpreting the American Environment
ES 255 Gender and the Environment
ES 285 Introduction to Environmental Politics
ES 287 Political Theory and the Environment
ES 334 Environmental Justice Law and Policy
Economics 380 Environmental Economics (prerequisite Economics 101)
Government 360: The Theory and Politics and Place and Space
Literature 267 Literature and the Environment
Philosophy 235 Environmental Ethics
• two additional courses selected from the student’s focus division (natural sciences OR social sciences/humanities) and in consultation with the student’s advisor (starting with the class of 2019, students must take ES 210 in lieu of one of these two courses).
2) ES 210: Gateway to Environmental Studies (starting with the class of 2019, all sophomore majors must take ES 210 in lieu of one of the two courses from the student’s focus division).
3) Four elective courses chosen from a specific discipline at Hamilton College (OR from either the Food Studies or Geography cluster) and within either the natural science or the social sciences/humanities focus division. These courses are intended to provide the student with sufficient depth of understanding to enable competent pursuit of the Senior Project. At least three of these electives must be above the 100 level.
4) One data analysis and/or statistics course (taken prior to senior year). Eligible courses include:
Archaeology 380 Geographic Information Systems
Economics 265 Economic Statistics
Geosciences 380 GIS for Geoscientists
Government 230 Data Analysis
Mathematics 100 Statistical Reasoning and Data Analysis Mathematics 253 Statistical Analysis of Data
Psychology 201 Statistics and Research Methods in Psychology
5) One elective course with explicit environmental content from outside of one’s chosen discipline, to be selected in consultation with the student’s advisor.
6) One course in fulfillment of the Social, Structural, and Institutional Hierarchies (SSIH) requirement. NOTE: This need not constitute an additional course to the required 13, but may instead simultaneously fulfill one of the following requirements for the major:
• one of two foundational courses in the social sciences/humanities
• one elective course with explicit environmental content
The following courses fulfill the SSIH requirement (to reflect changes in Hamilton’s curriculum, students may choose other courses subject to approval by their advisor):
Africana Studies 233 Geographies of Race and Gender
Anthropology 272 Anthropology of Food
ES 255 Gender and the Environment
ES 334 Environmental Justice Law and Policy
Government 360 The Politics and Theory of Place and Space
History 218 South Asia in the Age of the Anthropocene
Women’s and Gender Studies 323 Gender, Health and Technology
Women’s and Gender Studies 334 Kitchen Culture: Women, Gender and the Politics of Food
7) ES 550, the Senior Project. Note that students pursuing science- or other empirically-oriented Senior Projects are normally expected to begin their empirical research as ES 549 with a faculty member in the semester (or summer) preceding their enrollment in ES 550. ES 549 can be undertaken as a half- or full-credit course and will be counted toward completion of the ES concentration.
A complete description of the Senior Project is available from members of the advisory committee.
A maximum of four credits may be transferred into the concentration from study off-campus with prior approval.
Students who have earned at least a 3.5 (90) average in courses toward the concentration may receive honors in Environmental Studies through distinguished work on the Senior Project.
The Minor in Environmental Studies
The minor in Environmental Studies consists of five courses: An introductory environmental science course (one of ES150 or an introductory Geosciences course) and four from the Natural Sciences and Social Sciences/Humanities lists above (with the exclusion of introductory biology, chemistry, and physics courses). A student may substitute other courses with an explicit environmental focus, subject to approval from the Environmental Studies Program Director. The five courses must include at least one course from outside the natural sciences. A student may count for the minor at most two courses from a single department, and at most two courses from programs away from Hamilton.
Environmental Science and Society.
An introduction to environmental science. Emphasis on scientific understanding of the causes and implications of, and potential solutions for, problems that result from human interactions with the environment. Current environmental problems examined from an ecological perspective. ES 150 is not required for the ES major. (Same as Biology 150.) Environmental Studies and related faculty.
Making Modern Cities.
This course examines the design of buildings and cities by professional architects, urban planners, and developers in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It also addresses utopian projects and theoretical texts that have influenced modern design. We will furthermore illuminate in western and non-western contexts the relationships between the architecture of cities and economic and political processes. (Writing-intensive.) Open to first-year students only (Same as History 156.) Maximum enrollment, 20. Trivedi.
Environmental History: An Introduction.
This course introduces students to environmental history by examining both foundational scholarship and new research in the field. It will explore the methods and sources—including texts, images, sounds, artifacts, and site visits—that historians use to uncover the natural environment’s past. As an introduction to the history of the natural environment, this course equips students to pursue new areas of inquiry and provide them with a different lens through which to view familiar topics. (Writing-intensive.) (Same as History 157.) Maximum enrollment, 20. Simons.
Gateway to Environmental Studies.
This is a comprehensive introduction to Environmental Studies. Through a set of case studies, the course investigates key concepts that define ES: complexity, holism, feedbacks, thresholds, scale, thermodynamics, benefit-cost analysis, environmental ethics, collective action, uncertainty, environmental justice, and sustainability. The format is lecture/discussion, plus field trips. Students pursue individual and group assignments. The final project is a research paper (and in-class presentation) by 3 or 4 students analyzing a case study via the aforementioned concepts. Prerequisite, Two Environmental Studies or related courses, or permission of the instructor; preference will be given to sophomores choosing to major in Environmental Studies. Peter F Cannavò.
This course investigates the scientific, social, economic and political dimensions of anthropogenic climate change, including our scientific understanding of its causes, its local and planetary human and ecological impacts, and the potential for technological, social and policy solutions. Throughout the course, we critically examine the roles of public policy and international negotiations in developing equitable mitigation and adaptation strategies to combat the totalizing problem of our times. Prerequisite, One semester of science or permission of instructor for first year students. (Same as Government 212 and Geosciences 212.) Maximum enrollment, 25. Strong.
Landscapes: People, Place, and the Past.
This course explores the deep histories of economic, socio-political, and ritual landscapes, and the tools that archaeologists use to study them. Landscapes, as both physical and cultural entities, are important spaces for human interaction. Archaeologists are uniquely positioned to examine the relationships among people, place, and the environment in the past. This course will link archaeological landscapes to modern issues of development, human-environment interaction, and social change. Prerequisite, 106 or consent of instructor. (Same as Anthropology 218.) Maximum enrollment, 24. Colin Quinn.
Humans' Nature: The Environment and Indigenous Peoples.
This course offers historical perspective on the Anthropocene, the age in which human beings have exerted unprecedented influence on the earth’s ecosystems through consumption of oil, natural gas and fossil fuels. It examines current debates in environmental history, focusing on South Asia’s indigenous communities and their relations to the environment. (Same as History 219.) Pankhuree Dube.
Forever Wild: The Cultural and Natural Histories of the Adirondack Park.
Study of America's largest inhabited wilderness. Survey of natural and cultural histories of the park and examination of ecological, political and social issues. Study of literary, scientific, historical and political texts. Exploration of environmental issues such as acid rain, development and land-use, predator re-introduction and population controls. Prerequisite, one course in literature, biology, geology or environmental studies. May count toward a concentration in environmental studies. Field trip required. Open to sophomores, juniors and seniors in the fall. Oral Presentations (Fall-2 sections); Writing-intensive (Spring). (Same as College Courses and Seminars 220.) Maximum enrollment, 14. Environmental Studies and related faculty.
Thought for Food: The Culture and Politics of Food.
A multi-disciplinary approach to study of the food system. Examination of the origins of culinary traditions, contemporary politics of the food movement, the GMO debate, food sovereignty, hunger and food security, and Slow Food. Laboratory sessions include activities in the Community Farm, tastings, and cooking instruction with the college. (Same as College Courses and Seminars 236.) Maximum enrollment, 12. Guttman.
Food for Thought Introduction to the Science of Food.
An interdisciplinary exploration of food with focus on nutrition biology of food and food science; the history of food and contemporary issues related to food production and the food industry. Tastings, films, gardening. Prerequisite, one course in Biology or Chemistry. (Same as College Courses and Seminars 237.) Maximum enrollment, 12. Gapp.
Interpreting the American Environment.
A survey of responses to and interpretations of the American landscape. Study of historical, political, literary, and critical texts. Puts contemporary environmentalism in a historical and geographical perspective. Emphasis on changing notions of wilderness, urban development and the cultural contexts of expansion and development. Environmental Studies and related faculty.
Gender and Environment.
The theoretical, historical and material links between gender and the natural world. We explore how the social category of gender relates to environmental issues, but also focus on how other human differences based on race, class, sexuality and nation connect to the so-called "non-human environment.” The course begins with feminist historical and theoretical analysis of the links between gender and environment, including examinations of Ecofeminism and Deep Ecology. Building on this foundation, we then explore Health and Technology, Environmental Justice, and Global Climate Change. (Writing-intensive.) (Same as Women's and Gender Studies 255.) Maximum enrollment, 20.
Political Ecology of Tourism.
This course explores the environmental implications of the global tourism industry. Case studies of tourism in the Caribbean and East Asia offer perspectives on environmental histories of tourism; the political ecology of consumption; and problems of cultural authenticity and place-making. Students will draw on ethnographic and policy-based readings. By studying the patterns and governance of one of the world’s fastest growing economic sectors, students will investigate "tourism" as both a cause and effect of globalization and its attendant localization movements. (Same as Anthropology 263.) Maximum enrollment, 12. Andrea Murray.
Introduction to Environmental Politics.
An overview of environmental politics, domestic and global. Topics include the environmental movement and its history and values, anti-environmentalism, environmental policy analysis, the relation between environmental science and politics, the domestic and international environmental policy processes, the North-South debate, globalization, race and environmental justice, and the implications of environmental politics for liberal democracy. Students will explore these topics directly and through selected policy issues, including forest politics, sprawl and climate change. (Same as Government 285.)
Political Theory and the Environment.
What is the relationship between theorizing about politics and theorizing about nature? Explores how conceptions of the natural world and our relationship to it have shaped political thought since ancient times and how contemporary "green" political thinkers attempt to craft principles for an ecologically responsible society. (Same as Government 287.) Cannavó.
Seminar on Climate Risk and Resilience.
An exploration of our scientific understanding of the risks of climate change. Focused on the primary scientific literature, this course covers risk and vulnerability assessments, climate modeling and scenario development, remote sensing and observational data interpretation, critical thinking about scientific articles, and use of scientific evidence to understand the risks of extreme weather events, sea level rise, and other manifestations of anthropogenic climate change. Discussions will emphasize how climate science informs how we can make society more resilient to climate risks. (Quantitative and Symbolic Reasoning.) (Proseminar.) Prerequisite, One Environmental Studies Science Foundation course. Maximum enrollment, 16. Strong.
Seminar: Native Ecologies.
This interdisciplinary seminar explores the traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) of indigenous peoples. Drawing upon scholarship from such diverse fields as acoustic ecology, ethno-ecology, ethnography, geography, environmental history, Native American and Indigenous Studies, and religious studies, we will examine indigenous knowledge about particular species and relationships between them. (Same as Religious Studies 310.) Maximum enrollment, 12.
Environmental Justice Law and Policy.
This writing-intensive course examines environmental justice from a policy and legal perspective. The course reviews the development and goals of the movement, evidence and causes of inequitable distribution of environmental hazards, critiques of the movement, and legal and policy responses. (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, One course in Africana Studies, Government, Environmental Studies, or Women's and Gender Studies. Not open to first-year students. Maximum enrollment, 20. Alma Lowry.
The History of American Exploration and Outdoor Adventure.
This research course examines how the history and culture of the United States is bound up with that of the discovery and exploration of the New World. A focus on the meaning of that legacy for Americans from the 19th century on. Topics covered will include military exploration and surveys of the west, the development of a wilderness and a conservation ethic, and the growth of mountaineering and similar outdoor endeavors. (same as Environmental Studies 354.) (Writing-intensive.) Prerequisite, one 200-level U.S. history course, or consent of instructor. (Same as History 354.) Maximum enrollment, 20.
The History and Literature of Himalayan Mountaineering, from the 19th Century to the Present.
Examines Himalayan mountaineering over the past 150 years, and its roots in imperial expansion, national competition, and cultural and social evolution. Topics include mountaineering in the age of empire, George Leigh-Mallory’s death on Everest, American mountaineering in the Himalaya, conquest of the 8,000 meter peaks, Sherpas' role in mountaineering, and the rise of commercial mountaineering. Special attention to mountaineering on Everest. Includes an optional two-week, spring break trip: students, supervised by Hamilton's Outdoor Leadership program, will trek in Nepal's Everest region. (Writing-intensive.) (Same as History 367.) Maximum enrollment, 20. Maurice Isserman.
Survey of the conservation of biological diversity from genes to populations to ecosystems. We will explore current ideas and literature in protecting, preserving and restoring biodiversity and ecosystem function. Discussion of ecological foundations, techniques to study conservation (e.g., technological, molecular, habitat restoration), and policy issues. We will examine causes of diversity loss such as habitat loss, and how conservation planning can help mitigate losses in the face of continuing anthropogenic pressures such as fragmentation, pollutants and climate change. (Proseminar.) Prerequisite, One laboratory science course. (Same as Biology 373.) Maximum enrollment, 16. C Briggs.
Preparatory Research for Senior Project.
Students doing experiments, data-gathering, or other significant empirical or field work in preparation for their senior project should carry out this work prior to taking 550 and under the guidance of their thesis adviser. This research course is generally done in the fall of senior year, but in certain circumstances may be completed in the spring of junior year or the summer before senior year. Depending on the extent of their research, students may take this course for full or half credit. Environmental Studies and related faculty.
An independent study developed in consultation with a faculty advisor and the environmental studies advisory committee to explore in detail an environmental topic, culminating in a substantial research paper and oral presentation. Proposals for Senior Projects are developed with a faculty advisor and submitted to the ES advisory committee prior to course registration. Prerequisite, Permission of instructor. The Program.
(from the Hamilton Course Catalogue)